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4.10: Pronunciation Practice

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    Common Reductions with Linking


    With words such as he, him, his, her, have, has, and had the H is silent.  He becomes e, him becomes im, his becomes iz, her becomes er, have becomes either ov or a, has becomes az, and had becomes ad.  There are many other words that begin with an H that this is also true.

    Repeat the following sentences, please.

    1.  What has happened to Henry?  Whadazzapened’d t’Henry”

    2.  If he had told me, I would have helped him. Iffead told me, I woulda helpt’im.

    3.  What’s her father’s name? Whatser fatherz name?

    4.  Did he leave the room?  Didee leave th’room?

    5.  I should have helped her.  I shoulda helpter.

    6.  That’s what he wants to do.  That’s whadee wansta do.

    7.  Why had he done it?  Whyadee donit?

    8.  Who would have thought that?  Who woulda thought that?

    9.  It’s her sister that has a problem.  Itser sister thadaza proble.

    10.  Why did he do it?  Whyde doit?

    gonna, wanna, hafta, hasta, gimme (going to, want to, have to, has to, give me)

    These words change their sounds completely and become one word.

    Repeat the following sentences, please.

    1.  Give me some money.  Gimme smmoney

    2.  We are going to eat a sandwich.  We’re gonna eada sandwich.

    3.  I have to help my mother in the kitchen.  I hafta help my mother in the kitchen.

    4.  He has to meet his friend.  He hasta meediz friend.

    5.  When does he want to go?  When dozee wanna go?

    6.  When is he going to want to go?  Whenizee gonna wanna go?

    7.  What does he want to know?  Whadozee wanna know?

    8.  Tell her to give me her phone number.  Teller ta gimmeer phone number.

    9.  I have to find out by Friday.  I hafta findout by Friday.

    10.  What is going to happen to him.  Whats gonna happen taim?


    The word of is pronounced ov or a.  It is usually OV in front of a word beginning with a vowel, and a in front of a word beginning with a consonant. 

    Repeat the following sentences, please.

    1.  I am out of money.  I’m oudda money.

    2.  Some of the food smells bad.  Soma the food smellz bad.

    3.  He is out of his mind. Hez ouddaiz mind.

    4.  One of us can help her.  Oneovus can helper.

    5.  It is a waste of time to try.  Itsa wasta time ta try.

    6.  I bought $20 worth of gas.  I bought $20 wrotha gas.

    7.  He has an out-of-state license.  He hzan oudda state kicense,

    8.  Most of us live in Seattle.  Mostovus livin Seattle.

    9.  There is plenty of time to finish.  Therez plennya time tafinish.

    10.  I ran out of gas last night.  I ranoudda gas last night.

    Review sentences

    1.  I gave him five dollars to give to her.  I gavim five dollars ta givtaer.

    2.  What is she going to do with him.  Whatsshe gonna do withim?

    3.  Please give me some of that juice.  Pleeze gimme somea that juice.

    4.  What does he want to do with her brother.  Whatseewanna do wither brother?

    5.  Either he has to go or I have to go with his mother.  Eitheree hastago or I haftago withiz mother and father.

    An, or, for (n, er, fr)

    The words and, or, and for become n, er, and fr.

    Repeat the following sentences, please.

    1.  The boy wants a bread and butter sandwich.  The boy watnsa bread ‘n butter sandwich.

    2.  I have to wear a suit and tie tonight.  I hafta wear a suit ‘n tie tonight.

    3.  We were sick and tired of the rain in March.  We were sick ‘n tired of the rain in March.

    4.  My sister and I talked about this ‘n that.  My sister ‘n I talked about this ‘n that.

    5.  Seattle has a lot of stop and go traffic.  Seattle has a lodda stop ‘n go traffic.

    6.  Do you want to drink coffee or tea?  Do you wanna drink coffee ,er tea?

    7.  Please decide: Yes or No.  Please decide: Yeser No

    8.  Will that be cash or charge?  Will that be casher charge?

    9.  Sooner or later you will need to decide.  Soonerer later, you will hafta decide.

    10.  Either Bob or Robb can help you.  Either Bober Robb can help you.

    11.  What’s for lunch today?  What’s fr lunch today?

    12.  I can only stay for an hour.  I can only stayfrnour.

    13.  Mom said, “For once and for all, Stop.”  Mom said, “Frwonce ‘n forall stop.”

    14.  I’ll wait for you in the car.  I’ll wait frya in the car?

    15.  I don’t care for him.  I don’t care frim.

    4.10: Pronunciation Practice is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Don Bissonnette.

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