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7: Overview of English Grammar

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    • 7.1: Sentence Structure
    • 7.2: Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
      A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that clarifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause. Sometimes writers use modifiers incorrectly, leading to strange and unintentionally humorous sentences. The two common types of modifier errors are called misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers. If either of these errors occurs, readers can no longer read smoothly. Instead, they become stumped trying to figure out what the writer meant to say.
    • 7.3: Negative Statements
      Negative statements are the opposite of positive statements and are necessary to express an opposing idea.
    • 7.4: Count and Noncount Nouns and Articles
      Nouns are words that name things, places, people, and ideas. Right now, you may be surrounded by desks, computers, and notebooks. These are called count nouns because you can count the exact number of desks, computers, and notebooks—three desks, one computer, and six notebooks, for example. On the other hand, you may be carrying a small amount of money in your wallet and sitting on a piece of furniture. These are called noncount nouns.
    • 7.5: Pronouns
      A pronoun is a word that can be used in place of the noun. We use pronouns so we do not have to repeat words. For example, imagine writing the following sentence: Afrah put her scarf on because Afrah was cold. The sentence sounds a bit strange because Afrah is named twice; however, if you use a pronoun, the sentence will be shorter and less repetitive.
    • 7.6: Pronoun Agreement
      Pronoun agreement errors occur when the pronoun and the antecedent do not match or agree with each other. There are several types of pronoun agreement.
    • 7.7: Overview of Verb Forms
    • 7.8: Verb Tenses
      You must always use a verb in every sentence you write. Verbs are parts of speech that indicate actions or states of being. The most basic sentence structure is a subject followed by a verb.
    • 7.9: Modal Auxiliaries
    • 7.10: Subject-Verb Agreement
    • 7.11: Preposition Use
    • 7.12: Overview of English Grammar (Exercises)

    This page titled 7: Overview of English Grammar is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Barbara Hall & Elizabeth Wallace (GALILEO Open Learning Materials) .

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