8.10: Lesson 7 Grammar- Verbs that take double objects
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There are some common verbs in Chinese that can take two objects. Let's take a look at how they are used.
As in English, some verbs in Chinese take two objects. A typical example for English is "to bake someone a cake," and there are countless more. The structure in Chinese is:
Subj. + Verb + [Indirect Obj.] + [Direct Obj.]
If you don't know what direct and indirect objects are, don't worry; the terms can be thought of as "object 1" and "object 2." The main point is that there are two of them, and the first one is the recipient (e.g. the person the cake is given to), while the second one is the thing that the action happens to (e.g. the cake that gets baked).
Lǎoshī, wǒ kěyǐ wèn nǐ yī gè wèntí ma?
Teacher, may I ask you a question?
Dàjiā dōu jiào tā "guài shūshu."
Everyone calls him "Uncle Weirdo."
Wǒ xiǎng gàosu nǐ yī gè hǎo xiāoxi.
I want to tell you the good news.
Tāmen gěi le nǐ duōshao qián?
How much money did they give you?
Tā sòng le nǚpéngyou hěn duō huā.
He gave his girlfriend lots of flowers.
Wǒ xiǎng sòng gěi nǐ yī běn shū.
I want to give you a book.
Bàba yào sòng gěi wǒ yī gè hěn guì de shēngrì lǐwù.
My dad is going to give me a very expensive birthday gift.
Nǐ kěyǐ jiè wǒ liǎng qiān kuài qián ma?
Can you lend me 2000 kuai?
Lǎobǎn gāng fā gěi wǒ shàng gè yuè de gōngzī.
The boss just gave me my pay for last month.
Zhège rén piàn le wǒ hěn duō qián.
This person cheated me out of a lot of money.
[adapted from AllSet Learning Chinese Grammar Wiki, Creative Commons License BY-NC-SA 3.0]
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