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2.10: §17. Chapter 2: Exercises

  • Page ID
    8416
  • 1. Underline the base of these nouns (e.g., FAMA):

    TABULA, GRATIA, AQUA, MODUS, RADIUS, FATUM, VERBUM, OFFICIUM.

    2. If you can identify the Latin base at the heart of a long English word, the meaning of that word will often be more precisely understood. Underline the noun base (e.g., INFORMALITY):

    INGLORIOUS, PREVIOUS, GRANULAR, DEIFICATION, VULGARITY, PREDETERMINATION, COLLOCATION, INNUMERABLE, ASSIGNMENT, VITIATE.

    3. Using the numerical scheme in §14, describe these changes in form:

    a. L scientia (“knowledge”) > E science 3b
    b. L matrona (“married woman”) > E matron __________
    c. L prodigium (“omen,” “potent” > E prodigy __________
    d. L lacuna (“hole,” “pond”) > E lagoon __________
    e. L nota (“mark”) > E note __________
    f. L digitus (“finger,” “toe”) > E digit __________
    g. L folium (“leaf”) > E foil __________
    h. L lucrum (“gain”) > E lucre __________
    i. L spatium (“space”) > E space __________
    j. L norma (“rule”) > E norm __________

    4. What label might you apply to the semantic change of Latin verbum to English verb? ___________________ Of Latin animus to English animus? ___________________

    5. For each of the following English words, find an English doublet—if possible, one that more closely resembles the Latin source-word:

    a.crown________________d.prize________________
    b.genie________________e.card________________
    c.spectre________________f.foil_________________

    For Key to Exercises (Latin), see Appendix I.

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