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6.7: §51. Chapter 6: Exercises

  • Page ID
    8368
  • 1. By using one of the suffixes -(I)TAS, -ITUDO, or -ITIA, form a Latin abstract noun from each of the following Latin adjectives, and then show the English noun derivative:

    Latin adjective Latin noun English noun
    e.g. dignus (worthy) dignitas dignity (also dainty)
    a. severus (stern) __________________ ____________________
    b. beatus (blessed) __________________ ____________________
    c. avarus (greedy) __________________ ____________________
    d. socius (allied) __________________ ____________________
    e. integer (whole) __________________ ____________________
    f. aptus (fit) __________________ ____________________

    2. The following English abstract nouns are of Germanic origin; can you think of parallel English nouns (semantic and structural counterparts) derived from Latin?

    Nouns in -(I)TY (< -(I)TAS) Nouns in -ITUDE (< -ITUDO)
    a. freedom _______________ f. height _______________
    b. wordiness _______________ g. breadth _______________
    c. stillness _______________ h. strength _______________
    d. darkness _______________ i. loneliness _______________
    e. ripeness _______________ j. greatness _______________

    3. Look up the etymology of the English word city, and write down the main stages in its evolution from the original Latin root:

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    4. The following English nouns have been disguised during their transmission through French. Find the Latin abstract noun and Latin adjective from which each is derived:

    Latin Abstract Noun Latin Adjective (meaning)
    a. < poverty __________ < __________ __________
    b. < bounty __________ < __________ __________
    c. < dainty __________ < __________ __________
    d. < frailty __________ < __________ __________

    5. Give a schematic analysis for each of the following words:

    e.g. vitality < L vitalitas: noun base vit– (vita, “life”) + adj. suffix –alis (“pertaining to”) + noun suffix –itas
    a. femininity ___________________________________________________________
    b. originality ___________________________________________________________
    c. longitude ___________________________________________________________
    d. luminosity ___________________________________________________________
    e. acrimonious ___________________________________________________________
    f. spirituality ___________________________________________________________

    For Key to Exercises (Latin), see Appendix I.

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