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Humanities Libertexts

9.1: §138. General Vocabulary (Greek and Latin)

  • Page ID
    8478
  • §138. General Vocabulary (Greek and Latin)

    ENGLISH GREEK AND/OR LATIN EQUIVALENTS
    healer G ἰατρος (adj. ἰατρικος) = L medicus (adj. medicinus, LL medicalis) medicare, medicatus; [ars] medicina
    treat G θεραπευ-ειν (adj. θεραπευ-τικος); θεραπεια (“treatment”)
    doctor < L doctor (docēre, doctus, teach)
    surgeon < G χειρουργος (χειρ, “hand” + ἐργον, “work”) > L chirurgus
    physician < G φυσικη τεχνη (physikē technē); cf. E physic
    poison < L potio = G τοξον (orig. “bow”; adj. τοξικος) = L virus (adj. viralis)
    drug < OF drogue = G φαρμακον = L medicamentum
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