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3.1: Transitioning to CA- Verb tenses

  • Page ID
    80119
  • In MSA, there are additions, known as prefixes and suffixes, added to the root when the verb is conjugated in the present tense. These remain largely the same in CA, but in some dialects (ECA, LCA), بَ is added at the beginning of the verb to indicate habitual action. For example:

    MSA:             آكُلُ التُفَاحَ في الصَبَاحِ

     CA:             بَآكُل التُفاحْ في الصَباحْ

    Let’s read and listen to more examples of present tense conjugations in MSA and CA: 

    المعنى

     

    Meaning

    الفعل المضارع في العامية

    Present Tense (CA)

    الفعل المضارع في الفصحى

    Present Tense (MSA)

    الضمائر المنفصلة

    Independent Pronouns

    I understand

    بَافْهَم / بَفْهَم

    أَفْهَمُ

    أنا

    read (m.s.2)

    بَتَقرا

    تَقْرَأُ

    إنتَ

    (أنتَ MSA)

    write (f.s.2)

    بِتِكْتِبي

    تَكْتُبِين

    إنتِ

    (أنتِ MSA)

    he eats

    بِيَاكُل

    يَأْكُلُ

    هو

    she plays

    بِتِلْعَب

    تَلعَبُ

    هي

    we drink

    بِنِشْرَب

    نَشْرَبُ

    إحنا

    (نحن MSA)

    you (all) cook

    بِتُطْبُخُوا

    تَطْبُخونَ

    إنتو

    (أنتم MSA)

     

    clipboard_e9c1c2e1e8324e18c95331a684d1b250f.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): "Islamic Architecture: Indoor Sitting Space" by KinfofColeslaw
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