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11.7: Key Terms

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    236581
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    Allies
    the nations that united to oppose Germany and Austria-Hungary, originally, Russia, France, and Britain
    armistice
    a cease-fire agreement
    Balkan League
    an alliance created in 1912 by Greece, Montenegro, Bulgaria, and Serbia against the Ottoman Empire
    Bolsheviks
    a radical majority faction of Russia’s Social Democratic Party led by Vladimir Lenin
    Central powers
    a World War I coalition that included the Austro-Hungarian, German, and Ottoman Empires
    Easter Rising
    the 1916 rebellion of Irish Nationalists against the British in Dublin
    Espionage Act
    a 1917 act passed in the United States that made anti-war propaganda illegal
    Schlieffen Plan
    a German war plan to sweep through Belgium and northern France before turning to Russia
    Sedition Act
    a 1918 act passed in the United States that forbade forms of speech considered disloyal to the war effort
    Sykes-Picot Agreement
    a secret agreement reached between France and Britain in 1916 to partition areas of the Middle East after the war
    total war
    a war fought using all available resources, with no restrictions on weapons or their targets
    Triple Alliance
    a treaty of alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
    Triple Entente
    a treaty of alliance between France, Russia, and Britain
    U-boats
    German submarines equipped with torpedoes that sank thousands of pounds of cargo over the course of World War I
    War Industries Board (WIB)
    a U.S. federal agency created in 1917 to control the economic and industrial output of factories in times of war
    Women’s Land Army
    a British program to help women ensure enough foodstuffs were produced on farms while men served in the military
    Zimmermann Telegram
    a 1917 telegram sent by Germany’s foreign minister offering an alliance with Mexico in return for Mexico causing disturbances along its U.S. border

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