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14.6: Key Terms

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    212274
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    Constitutions of Melfi
    the oldest surviving written constitution in the world, which increased the power of the monarch of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies by replacing vassals and church officials with royal bureaucrats
    Golden Horde
    the Mongol group that ruled over portions of central Asia, the former lands of the Rus, and northwest Asia
    Inquisition
    a centuries-long effort by the church to impose religious homogeneity on Western Europe through torture and execution, if necessary
    kurultai
    a proto-democratic gathering of a Mongol leader’s followers, called to reach agreement on major political decisions
    Magna Carta
    an English document that reiterated existing rights of vassals, confirmed the papal position that the church is above the state, and spelled out some basic rights of commoners
    mandarins
    top officials in the Imperial Chinese bureaucracy, selected by a series of exams on Confucian texts
    People of the Felt Walls
    Temujin’s name for his ethnically and linguistically diverse followers
    sharia
    Islamic religious law
    yam
    horse relay stations established by Chinggis Khan for long-distance communication on military campaigns; they were later expanded into rest areas and supply depots
    yassa
    Chinggis Khan’s law code, designed to eliminate the sources of conflict in steppe society and bring harmony to his people

    This page titled 14.6: Key Terms is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by OpenStax.

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