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Humanities Libertexts

8.16: Links to Primary Sources

  • Page ID
  • Ancient Accounts of Arabia 430 BCE – 550 CE

    Ibn Ishaq (d. c. 773 CE): Selections from the Life of Muhammad

    The Prophet Muhammad: Last Sermon

    Muhammad Speaks of Allah

    Muhammad’s Call

    Muhammad is the Messenger of God

    Muhammad Proclaims the Prescriptions of Islam

    The Sunnah, (traditions of the Prophet Muhammad), excerpts

    Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058 – 1111 CE): The Remembrance of Death and the Afterlife

    The Battle of Badr, 624 CE

    Al-Baladhuri: The Battle of The Yarmuk (636 CE) and After

    Accounts of the Arab Conquest of Egypt, 642 CE

    Yakut: Baghdad under the Abbasids, c. 1000 CE

    Abul Hasan Ali Al-Masu’di (Masoudi) (c. 895? – 957 CE): The Book of Golden Meadows, c. 940 CE

    The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor story from the Thousand and One Nights

    Ibn Rushd (Averroës) (1126 – 1198 CE): Religion & Philosophy, c. 1190 CE.

    Firdausi: The Epic of Kings, c. 1000 CE

    Sa’di (1184 – 1292 CE): Gulistan, 1258 CE

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