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14.11: Conclusion

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  • As should be clear, the civilizations of the Middle East and North Africa were transformed by Islam, and the changes that Islam's spread brought with it were as permanent as were the results of the Christianization of the Roman Empire earlier. The geographical contours of these two faiths would remain largely in place up to the present, while the shared civilization that brought them into being continued to change.

    Image Citations (Creative Commons):

    Map of Arabia - Murraytheb

    The Kaaba - المصري الأصيل

    The Arab Conquests - Brian Szymanski

    House of Wisdom - Zereshk

    Mosque of Córdoba - Berthold Werner

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