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1.11: Sources

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    This chapter relies on The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 221 BC, edited by Michael Loewe and Edward L. Shaughnessy, and on work by David Keightley, including The Ancestral Landscape: Time, Space and Community in Late Shang China, ca. 1200-1045 BC; Sources of Shang History; and Working for His Majesty.

    1 Kim Byung-Joon, “Lelang Commandery and Han China’s Commandery-Based Rule,” in The Han Commanderies in Early Korean History, edited by Mark Byington, p. 250

    2 Alvin P. Cohen, “The Origin of the Yellow Emperor Era Chronology,” Asia Major III 25.2 (2012): 1-13, p. 1. Jui-sung Yang, “To Nationalize the Past: The Discourse of ‘5,000-Year-Long” National History in Modern China,” in L’histoire de Chine : usages, interpretations et réinterprétations, edited by Paul Servais (Louvain-la-Neuve, 2020): 149-66, p. 157-58.

    3 Wang Hui, China from Empire to Nation-State, translated by Michael Gibbs Hill (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014), 101, 115.

    4 Hyung Il Pai, Constructing “Korean” Origins: a critical review of archaeology, historiography, and racial myth in Korean state-formation theories (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2000), p. 122.

    5 Joseph M. Kitagawa, “The Japanese ‘Kokutai’ (National Community) History and Myth,” History of Religions 13.3(1974): 209-226, p. 214


    7 Kwang-Chih Chang, “China on the Eve of the Historical Period,” 59.

    8 Matthias Mertens, “Did Richthofen Really Coin ‘the Silk Road’?

    9 Robert N. Spengler III, Fruit from the Sands: The Silk Road Origins of the Foods We Eat. 10 Lander and Brunson, “Wild Mammals of Ancient North China,” 299.

    10 Lander and Brunson, “Wild Mammals of Ancient North China,” 299.

    11 Nicola di Cosmo, Ancient China and Its Enemies, chapter 1.

    12 Barnes, The Rise of Civilization in East Asia, 20. Li Feng, Early China, 90.

    13 Li Feng, Early China, 49 and 50 box. This is the Bin Gong Xu 豳公盨. In 2018-19, the Zeng royal cemetery in Hubei, with several tens of tombs, 3 horse pits and 4 chariot pits, yielded over 1,000 bronze vessels with six thousand characters of inscriptions, including references to Yu and the Xia dynasty as well as many Zhou period events.

    14 Brown, Pastimes, chapter 5.

    15 Von Glahn, The Economic History of China, 47, citing Li Feng.

    16 Li Feng, Early China, 83.

    17 Flad, “Divination and Power.”

    18 Li Feng, Early China, 109.

    19 Li Feng, Early China, 96-98. For a complete collection and translation of the prince’s bones, see Adam C. Schwartz, The Huayuanzhuang East Oracle Bone Inscriptions: A Study and Complete Translation (Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2019).

    20 Hsu Ya-hwei, Ancient Chinese Writing: Oracle Bone Inscriptions from the Ruins of Yin, 45.

    21 Eno, “Was There a High God ti in Shang Religion?”

    This page titled 1.11: Sources is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Sarah Schneewind (eScholarship) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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