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6: Growing Pains in the Colonies

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    • 6.1: Introduction
    • 6.2: Colonial Administration
      By the mid-seventeenth century, the British actively sought ways to expand their overseas empire. To achieve this goal, they needed a strong navy and a healthy commercial network. The navy helped protect British merchants at home and in the colonies; meanwhile, duties on commerce funded much of the navy’s rapid growth. As these military and commercial interests melded together, the government developed mercantilism-based policies to meet the needs of the empire.
    • 6.3: The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening
      The ideas of the Scientific Revolution inspired people in many fields besides science. With Newton demonstrating rational explanations for the functions of the universe, philosophers were inspired to re-think humanity and its place in the universe. The Scientific Revolution, then, was at the root of the Enlightenment.
    • 6.4: Colonial Conflicts and Wars
      From 1675 to 1748, violence and warfare plagued the British colonies. The first of these was Metacom’s War, also known as King Philip’s War (1675-1676), a brutal engagement between the New Englanders and the Wampanoag Indians. Shortly thereafter, Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) broke out in Virginia, which also involved disputes with the Indians and the colonial government. Following these conflicts were King William’s War, Queen Anne’s War, and King George’s War.
    • 6.5: Conclusion
    • 6.6: Critical Thinking Exercises
    • 6.7: Key Terms
    • 6.8: Chronology
    • 6.9: Bibliography

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