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3.8: Reference Material

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  • This chapter was edited by Daniel Johnson, with content contributions by Gregory Ablavsky, James Ambuske, Carolyn Arena, L. D. Burnett, Lori Daggar, Daniel Johnson, Hendrick Isom, D. Andrew Johnson, Matthew Kruer, Joseph Locke, Samantha Miller, Melissa Morris, Bryan Rindfleisch, Emily Romeo, John Saillant, Ian Saxine, Marie Stango, Luke Willert, and Ben Wright.

    Recommended citation: Gregory Ablavsky et al., “British North America,” Daniel Johnson, ed., in The American Yawp, eds. Joseph Locke and Ben Wright (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2018).

    Recommended Reading

    • Blackburn, Robin. The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492–1800. London: Verso, 1997.
    • Braddick, Michael. God’s Fury, England’s Fire: A New History of the English Civil Wars. New York: Penguin, 2008.
    • Brown, Kathleen M. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. Williamsburg, VA: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
    • Chaplin, Joyce. Subject Matter: Technology, the Body, and Science on the Anglo-American Frontier, 1500–1676. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.
    • Donoghue, John. Fire Under the Ashes: An Atlantic History of the English Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.
    • Gallay, Alan. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670–1717. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
    • Goodfriend, Joyce D. Before the Melting Pot: Society and Culture in Colonial New York City, 1664–1730. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992.
    • Heywood, Linda M., and John K. Thornton. Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585–1660. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
    • Landsman, Ned C. Crossroads of Empire: The Middle Colonies in British North America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.
    • Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity. New York: Knopf Doubleday, 2009.
    • Little, Ann M. Many Captivities of Esther Wheelright. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2016.
    • Merrell, James H. Into the American Woods: Negotiations on the Pennsylvania Frontier. New York: Norton, 2000.
    • Mustakeem, Sowande’ M. Slavery at Sea: Terror, Sex, and Sickness in the Middle Passage. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2016.
    • O’Malley, Gregory E. Final Passages: The Intercolonial Slave Trade of British America, 1619–1807. Williamsburg, VA: University of North Carolina Press, 2014.
    • Parent, Anthony S. Foul Means: The Formation of a Slave Society in Virginia, 1660–1740. Williamsburg, VA: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
    • Parrish, Susan Scott. American Curiosity: Cultures of Natural History in the Colonial British Atlantic World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
    • Pestana, Carla Gardina. The English Atlantic in an Age of Revolution, 1640–1661. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
    • Pulsipher, Jenny Hale. Subjects unto the Same King: Indians, English, and the Contest for Authority in Colonial New England.Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.
    • Ramsey, William L. The Yamasee War: A Study of Culture, Economy, and Conflict in the Colonial South. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008.
    • Rice, James D. Tales from a Revolution: Bacon’s Rebellion and the Transformation of Early America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
    • Roney, Jessica Choppin. Governed by a Spirit of Opposition: The Origins of American Political Practice in Colonial Philadelphia.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.
    • Smallwood, Stephanie E. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.
    • Stanwood, Owen. The Empire Reformed: English America in the Age of the Glorious Revolution. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
    • Taylor, Alan. American Colonies: The Settling of North America. New York: Penguin, 2002.
    • Wood, Peter H. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion. New York: Norton, 1975


    1. Edgar Legare Pennington, “The Reverend Francis Le Jau’s Work Among Indians and Negro Slaves,” Journal of Southern History, 1, no. 4 (November 1935): 442–458.
    2. William Waller Hening, Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of all the Laws of Virginia, Vol. 2 (Richmond, VA: Samuel Pleasants, 1809–1823), 170, 260, 266, 270.
    3. Captain Thomas Phillips, “A Journal of a Voyage Made in the Hannibal of London, 16,” in Elizabeth Donnan, ed., Documents Illustrative of the Slave Trade to America: Volume 1, 1441–1700 (New York: Octagon Books, 1969), 403.
    4. Alexander Falconbridge, An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa (London: J. Phillips, 1788).
    5. Phillip Curtin estimated that 9 million Africans were carried across the Atlantic. Joseph E. Inikori’s figure estimated 15 million, and Patrick Manning estimated 12 million transported with 10.5 million surviving the voyage. See Phillip D. Curtin, The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969); Joseph E. Inikori, “Measuring the Atlantic Slave Trade: An Assessment of Curtin and Anstey,” Journal of Africa 17 (1976): 197–223; and Patrick Manning, “Historical Datasets on Africa and the African Atlantic,” Journal of Comparative Economics 40, no. 4 (2012): 604–607.
    6. Paul E. Lovejoy, Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 36.
    7. Jane Landers, “Slavery in the Lower South,” OAH Magazine of History 17, no. 3 (2003): 23–27.
    8. Lynn Dumenil, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012), 512.
    9. “Facts about the Slave Trade and Slavery,” Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History., accessed April 23, 2018.
    10. Willie Lee Nichols Rose, ed., A Documentary History of Slavery in North America (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1999), 19.
    11. Stephanie M. H. Camp, Closer to Freedom: Enslaved Women and Everyday Resistance in the Plantation South (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004), 63–64.
    12. John H. Elliott, Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492–1830 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006), 148–49.
    13. Paul Kléber Monod, Imperial Island: A History of Britain and Its Empire, 1660–1837 (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 80.
    14. Owen Stanwood, “Rumours and Rebellions in the English Atlantic World, 1688–9,” in The Final Crisis of the Stuart Monarchy: The Revolutions of 1688–91 in Their British, Atlantic and European Contexts, eds. Tim Harris and Steven Taylor (Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2013), 214.
    15. Joyce D. Goodfriend, Before the Melting Pot: Society and Culture in Colonial New York City, 1664–1730 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992), 54.
    16. Quoted in David Hackett Fischer, Albion’s Seed: Four British Folkways in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), 459.
    17. Albert Cook Myers, ed., Narratives of Early Pennsylvania, West New Jersey, and Delaware, 1630–1707 (New York: Scribner, 1912), 260.
    18. Noeleen McIlvenna, A Very Mutinous People: The Struggle for North Carolina, 1660–1713 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009).
    19. John Mason, A Brief History of the Pequot War (1736), (Boston: S. Kneeland and T. Green, 1736).
    20. James David Drake, King Philip’s War: Civil War in New England, 1675–1676 (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999.
    21. Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum, Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993). For more on Tituba, see Elaine G. Breslaw, Tituba, Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish Indians and Puritan Fantasies (New York: New York University Press, 1996).
    22. Nathaniel Bacon, “Manifesto (1676),” in The English Literatures of America: 1500–1800, ed. Myra Jehlen and Michael Warner (New York: Routledge, 1996), 226.
    23. Mary Newton Stanard, The Story of Bacon’s Rebellion (New York: Neale, 1907), 77–78.
    24. Quoted in April Lee Hatfield, Atlantic Virginia: Intercolonial Relations in the Seventeenth Century (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004), 286 n. 27.
    25. Robert Silverberg, The Pueblo Revolt (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994), 131.
    26. Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, America and West Indies, August 1714–December 1715 (London: Kraus Reprint, 1928), 168–169.
    27. Steven Craig Harper, Promised Land: Penn’s Holy Experiment, The Walking Purchase, and the Dispossession of Delawares, 1600–1763 (Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press, 2006).
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