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Humanities Libertexts

28.11: Reference Material

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  • This chapter was edited by Edwin Breeden, with content contributions by Seth Anziska, Jeremiah Bauer, Edwin Breeden, Kyle Burke, Alexandra Evans, Sean Fear, Anne Gray Fischer, Destin Jenkins, Matthew Kahn, Suzanne Kahn, Brooke Lamperd, Katherine McGarr, Matthew Pressman, Adam Parsons, Emily Prifogle, John Rosenberg, Brandy Thomas Wells, and Naomi R. Williams.

    Recommended citation: Seth Anziska et al., “The Unraveling,” Edwin Breeden, ed., in The American Yawp, eds. Joseph Locke and Ben Wright (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2018).

    Recommended Reading

    • Carter, Dan T. The Politics of Rage: George Wallace, the Origins of the New Conservatism, and the Transformation of American Politics. Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 1995.
    • Cowie, Jefferson R. Stayin’ Alive: The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class. New York: New Press, 2010.
    • Evans, Sara. Personal Politics: The Roots of Women’s Liberation in the Civil Rights Movement and the New Left. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.
    • Flamm, Michael W. Law and Order: Street Crime, Civil Unrest, and the Crisis of Liberalism in the 1960s. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.
    • Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class, and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
    • Greenberg, David. Nixon’s Shadow: The History of an Image. New York: Norton, 2004.
    • Harvey, David. The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Cambridge, UK: Blackwell, 1989.
    • Jenkins, Philip. Decade of Nightmares: The End of the Sixties and the Making of Eighties America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
    • Kalman, Laura. Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974–1980. New York: Norton, 2010.
    • Lassiter, Matthew D. The Silent Majority: Suburban Politics in the Sunbelt South. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.
    • MacLean, Nancy. Freedom Is Not Enough: The Opening of the American Workplace. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.
    • Marable, Manning. Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention. New York: Viking, 2011.
    • Matusow, Allen J. The Unraveling of America: A History of Liberalism in the 1960s. New York: Harper and Row, 1984.
    • Murch, Donna Jean. Living for the City: Migration, Education, and the Rise of the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California.Durham: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
    • Patterson, James T. Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945–1974. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
    • Perlstein, Rick. Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America. New York: Norton, 2003.
    • Phelps, Wesley. A People’s War on Poverty: Urban Politics, Grassroots Activists, and the Struggle for Democracy in Houston, 1964–1976. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2014.
    • Rodgers, Daniel T. Age of Fracture. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2011.
    • Roth, Benita. Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, and White Feminist Movements in America’s Second Wave. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
    • Sargent, Daniel J. A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2015.
    • Schulman, Bruce J. The Seventies: The Great Shift in American Culture, Society, and Politics. New York: Free Press, 2001.
    • Springer, Kimberly. Living for the Revolution: Black Feminist Organizations, 1968–1980. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005.
    • Stein, Judith. Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the 1970s. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010.
    • Thompson, Heather Ann. Blood in the Water: The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and Its Legacy. New York: Pantheon Books, 2016.
    • Zaretsky, Natasha. No Direction Home: The American Family and the Fear of National Decline. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.


    1. Acts included Santana; Jefferson Airplane; Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; and the Flying Burrito Brothers. The Grateful Dead were scheduled but refused to play.
    2. Bruce J. Schulman, The Seventies: The Great Shift in American Culture, Society, and Politics (Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2002), 18
    3. Allen J. Matusow, The Unraveling of America: A History of Liberalism in the 1960s, updated ed. (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2009), 304–305.
    4. Owen Gleibman, “Altamont at 45: The Most Dangerous Rock Concert,” BBC, December 5, 2014,
    5. Jeff Leen, “The Vietnam Protests: When Worlds Collided,” Washington Post, September 27, 1999,
    6. Michael J. Arlen, Living-Room War (New York: Viking, 1969).
    7. Tom Engelhardt, The End of Victory Culture: Cold War America and the Disillusioning of a Generation, rev. ed. (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2007), 190.
    8. Mitchel P. Roth, Historical Dictionary of War Journalism (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997), 105.
    9. David L. Anderson, The Columbia Guide to the Vietnam War (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), 109.
    10. Guenter Lewy, America in Vietnam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1978), 325–326.
    11. Lyndon B. Johnson, “Address to the Nation Announcing Steps to Limit the War in Vietnam and Reporting His Decision Not to Seek Reelection,” March 31, 1968, Lyndon Baines Johnson Library,
    12. Lewy, America in Vietnam, 164–169; Henry Kissinger, Ending the Vietnam War: A History of America’s Involvement in and Extrication from the Vietnam War (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2003), 81–82.
    13. Richard Nixon, “Address to the Nation Announcing Conclusion of an Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam,” January 23, 1973, American Presidency Project,
    14. Richard Nixon, quoted in Walter Isaacson, Kissinger: A Biography (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2005), 163–164.
    15. Geneva Jussi Hanhimaki, The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004), 257.
    16. Cohen, Consumer’s Republic).
    17. Quotes from “Lionel Moves into the Neighborhood,” All in the Family, season 1, episode 8 (1971),
    18. Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, 45 RPM: The History, Heroes and Villains of a Pop Music Revolution (San Francisco: Backbeat Books, 2003), 120.
    19. Roger Ebert, “Review of Dirty Harry,” January 1, 1971,
    20. Ronald P. Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Class, and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991).
    21. Michael W. Flamm, Law and Order: Street Crime, Civil Unrest, and the Crisis of Liberalism in the 1960s (New York: Columbia University Press, 2005), 58–59, 85–93.
    22. Thomas J. Sugrue, Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North (New York: Random House, 2008), 348.
    23. Cohen, Consumer’s Republic, 373.
    24. Ibid., 376.
    25. Martin Luther King, quoted in David J. Garrow, Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (New York: Morrow, 1986), 439.
    26. Richard M. Nixon, “Address to the Nation on the War in Vietnam,” November 3, 1969, American Experience,
    27. Richard Nixon, “Address to the Nation about Policies to Deal with Energy Shortages,” November 7, 1973, American Presidency Project,
    28. Office of the Historian, “Oil Embargo, 1973–1974,” U.S. Department of State,
    29. “Gas Explodes in Man’s Car,” Uniontown (PA) Morning Herald, December 5, 1973, p. 12.
    30. Larry H. Addington, America’s War in Vietnam: A Short Narrative History (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000), 140–141.
    31. Schulman, Seventies, 44.
    32. “Executive Privilege,” in John J. Patrick, Richard M. Pious, and Donald A. Ritchie, The Oxford Guide to the United States Government (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), 227; Schulman, The Seventies, 44–48.
    33. Sugrue, Origins of the Urban Crisis, 132.
    34. Ibid., 136, 149.
    35. Ibid., 144.
    36. Ibid., 144.
    37. Ibid., 261.
    38. Jefferson Cowie and Nick Salvatore, “The Long Exception: Rethinking the Place of the New Deal in American History,” International Labor and Working-Class History74 (Fall 2008), 1–32, esp. 9.
    39. Quoctrung Bui, “50 Years of Shrinking Union Membership in One Map,” February 23, 2015, NPR,–years-of-shrinking-union-membership-in-one-map.
    40. Kevin P. Phillips, The Emerging Republic Majority (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1969), 17.
    41. Bruce J. Schulman, From Cotton Belt to Sunbelt: Federal Policy, Economic Development, and the Transformation of the South, 1938–1980, 3rd printing (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007), 3
    42. William H. Frey, “The Electoral College Moves to the Sun Belt,” research brief, Brookings Institution, May 2005.
    43. Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479, June 7, 1965.
    44. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, January 22, 1973.
    45. Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15, June 21, 1973.
    46. Rita Mae Brown, quoted in David Allyn, Make Love, Not War—The Sexual Revolution: An Unfettered History (New York: Routledge, 2001), 239.
    47. Nancy MacLean, Freedom Is Not Enough: The Opening of the American Workplace (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), 121.
    48. Ibid., 129.
    49. Arland Thornton, William G. Axinn, and Yu Xie, Marriage and Cohabitation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007), 57.
    50. Glenda Riley, Divorce: An American Tradition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), 135–139.
    51. Ibid., 161–165; Mary Ann Glendon, The Transformation of Family Law: State, Law, and Family in the United States and Western Europe (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989), 188–189.
    52. David Carter, Stonewall: The Riots That Sparked the Gay Revolution (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2004), 147.
    53. Trans Liberation Newsletter, in Susan Styker, Transgender History (Berkeley, CA: Seal Press, 2008), 96–97.
    54. William N. Eskridge, Dishonorable Passions: Sodomy Laws in America, 1861–2003 (New York: Viking, 2008), 209–212.
    55. Jerry Falwell, Listen, America! (Garden City, NY: Doubleday), 19.
    56. Donald Critchlow, Phyllis Schlafly and Grassroots Conservatism: A Woman’s Crusade (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005), 213–216.
    57. Ibid., 218–219; Joel Krieger, ed., The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), 256.
    58. Critchlow, Phyllis Schlafly and Grassroots Conservatism, 219.
    59. Phyllis Schlafly, quoted in Christine Stansell, The Feminist Promise: 1792 to the Present (New York: Modern Library, 2010), 340.
    60. Critchlow, Phyllis Schlafly and Grassroots Conservatism, 281.
    61. Sean Wilentz, The Age of Reagan: A History, 1974–2008 (New York: HarperCollins, 2008), 69–72.
    62. Ibid., 75.
    63. Jimmy Carter, “University of Notre Dame—Address at the Commencement Exercises at the University,” May 22, 1977, American Presidency Project,
    64. Wilentz, Age of Reagan, 100–102.
    65. Harvey Sicherman, Palestinian Autonomy, Self-Government, and Peace (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993), 35.
    66. Jimmy Carter, “Tehran, Iran Toasts of the President and the Shah at a State Dinner,” December 31, 1977, American Presidency Project,
    67. Jimmy Carter, “The State of the Union Address,” January 23, 1980, American Presidency Project,
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