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12.2: Resume Formats

  • Page ID
    16471
  • The purpose of a résumé is twofold:

    • A résumé is an overview of your skills, experience, and education as they relate to your career objective, and
    • A résumé is a marketing tool that conveys your “personal brand.”

    All of us want our résumés to stand out from the stack. However, the best way to create an eye-catching résumé is not through gimmicks or flash, but rather through substance and customization.

    Formats: Chronological Résumé vs. Functional (Skills) Résumé

    Work histories come in a variety of forms; so do résumés. Although career experts enjoy debating which style is the best, ultimately you must consider which fits your current situation. Which style will allow you to best package your work history, and convey your unique qualifications?

    The chronological résumé is a traditional format whose principal section is the “Employment Experience” section. In the chronological résumé’s “Employment Experience” section, jobs are listed in reverse chronological order, and achievements/skills are detailed underneath each position.

    In contrast, a functional (skills) résumé, features a well-developed “Skills & Achievements” section, in which skills are organized into categories. The functional resume still includes an “Employment Experience” section, but it is streamlined to include only the basic information about each position held.

    A hybrid (or combination) résumé includes a well-developed “Skills & Achievements” section that highlights the candidate’s most important and relevant skills, but it also includes select bullets under each job in the “Employment Experience” section.

    The following pages contain examples of chronological, functional (skills), and hybrid résumé formats.

    Example of the chronological résumé format

    TINA SPARKLES

    123 Address | City, State 01234

    10.1234.5678 | me@gmail.com

    E D U C A T I O N

    AAS:    Portland Community College 2010 | Sign Language Interpreting

    BA:       University of Colorado, Boulder 2007 | Psychology

    Certifications: Certificate of Interpretation, Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf | Certificate of Transliteration, Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf

     

    E X P E R I E N C E

    Staff Sign Language Interpreter | St. Joseph’s, Boulder CO | September 2014 – present

    Provide Sign Language Interpreting to approximately 15 Deaf adults with pervasive mental illnesses in a Partial Hospitalization setting. Provide interpreting for staff meetings, therapeutic groups, psychiatry sessions, and medication monitoring.

    Educational Sign Language Interpreter | Boulder High, Boulder CO | August 2011 – June 2014

    Provided Sign Language Interpreting for Deaf and Hard of Hearing High School students in day-to-day activities including academic classes, assemblies, after-school clubs, varsity sports, class trips, and more.

    Interpreter Intern | Portland Community College, Portland OR | January 2010 – June 2010

    Provided Sign Language Interpreting services for one deaf college student for all of her day-to-day activities including academic classes, after-school clubs, advising sessions, and more.

    Customer Service | Kaiser-Permanente Medical Center, Clackamas OR | 2008 – 2010

    Provided members with information pertaining to benefits, enrollment, and coverage. Assisted members with benefits-related questions and concerns, resolving problems and supporting members with special needs.

     

    ACTIVITIES

    Volunteer | Denver Homeless Family Solutions | January 2016 – present

    Prepare and serve meals, collect and sort donations, overnight host.

     

    PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS

    National Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf

    National Association of the Deaf

    Note that the chronological résumé:

    • Lists both work and education in reverse chronological order (starting with the most recent positions/schools and working backward)
    • Lists job achievements and skills under each position
    • Presents experience under headings by job title, company, location, and dates of employment
    • Allows employers to easily determine work performed at each company

    Example of the functional (skills) résumé format

    Downtown,

    Portland, Oregon

    97035

    Anonymous

    Personal Résumé

    M 971.123.4567

    anonymous@pcc.edu

     

    www.linkedin.com/in/anonymous

    Graphic Design major with about 10 years full-service agency experience, from creative marketing material design to print management and coordination with a wide range of clients. A passionate and dedicated designer, capable of handling a large workload and tight deadlines. Working toward B.A degree in Graphic Design.
    EXPERIENCE
    Print Management Managed 5000 copies MTT company calendar printing process, from finalizing artwork to output file check, paper stock selection, color proofing, print finishing, and delivery deadline coordination.
    Event Management Designed and organized a company anniversary cocktail event for a new client – INSTINET Hong Kong, receiving positive feedback from client’s guest and resulting in 3years event management contract with Pink Tiger Media.
    Editorial Design with Collaborative Designed and collaborated with Prince of Wales Island International School on production of 16pp program book, received positive feedback from every division of the school and resulted in more business to Priority Resources design team.
    EDUCATION
    Portland State University

    Portland Community College

    Equator Academy of Art

    B.A Degree Graphic Design – Expected enrollment 2018

    Associate Transfer Degree – 2016-present

    Diploma in Graphic and Multimedia Design – 2004-2006

    EMPLOYMENT
    Senior Graphic Designer
    2013 – 2015
    Priority Resources – Penang, Malaysia
    Editorial design, Web interface design, vendor coordination
    Jr. Art Director
    2012-2013
    Pink Tiger Media – Penang, Malaysia
    Team management, Event management, Marketing campaign, Visual communication, vendor coordination
    Graphic Designer
    2006-2011
    Moonlight Media & Design – Penang, Malaysia
    Exhibition design, Branding & Identity design, Print design, Product branding, Typography, Event management
    Trainee Graphic Designer
    2006
    Dolphin Printing – Penang, Malaysia
    Print production, Packaging, Customer service
    ADDITIONAL
    Honors Awarded $3,000 tuition scholarships from Portland State University (2017-2018)
    Languages English, Bahasa Malay, Chinese: Mandarin, Cantonese, Hokkian, Hakka

    This resume is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.

    Note that the functional (skills) résumé:

    • Focuses on skills and experience, rather than on chronological work history
    • Groups functions or skills under categories
    • Describes responsibilities, accomplishments, and quantifiable achievements under categories in the skills section
    • Typically opens with a brief summary/profile detailing strengths (one-three sentences)
    • Demonstrates how you match the requirements of your potential job by including relevant achievements and accomplishments

    Example of the hybrid résumé format

    Anthony Swift


    1234 Happy Lane, Hillsboro, Oregon 97006 · anthony.swift@gmail.com ·   971-555-1212

     

    Summary


    Electrical engineering major with experience in testing, analyzing and developing digital systems. Strong written communication skills and experience working with diverse cultural backgrounds.

     

    Skills and Abilities


    Technical Skills

    • Designed and built a pulse and breathing monitor which required over 40 hours of troubleshooting. Involved circuit design and building, and circuit analysis. Required a good knowledge of reading electrical component schematics and basic programming with an Arduino.
    • Proficient in Windows, Mac, Office Suite: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access.

    Organization and Professional Development Skills

    • Coordinated finals study sessions with staff of ten math instructors and more than 100 students in attendance.
    • Organized and planned community clean-up events while delegating tasks to a team of 15 students.
    • Planned S.T.E.M. (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) panel consisting of six professionals from various industries, providing students the opportunity to learn about different career paths.

    Instruction Skills

    • Managed foreign teacher organization, communications, and hiring. Introduced innovative teaching methods to staff and created exciting classroom environments for Chinese students.
    • Maintained communications between management and foreign staff using Mandarin Chinese while ensuring high teaching standards were maintained. Trained new foreign teachers as well as overseeing three education centers to verify quality of teaching.

     

    Education


    Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, Oregon Tech, (2016 – 2019)
    Associates of Science Degree, Portland Community College, GPA: 3.8 President’s list – 7 quarters (2013-2016)
    Chinese Language, Beijing Language University, Beijing, China (2009-2010)

     

    Work Experience


    Math Tutor, Portland Community College, Portland, Oregon (2014 – 2016)
    Gave special instruction to students to help simplify difficult math concepts and walk students through critical thinking process to solve difficult problems. Instructed students working on advanced mathematics courses.

    Math Club President, Portland Community College, Portland, Oregon (2014 – 2016)
    Organized finals study sessions for the college with over 100 students attending each session. Facilitated events with panels of working professionals giving students access to vital information about pursuing specific majors. Hosted weekly study sessions to help struggling students successfully pass math exams.

    Data Entry Specialist, Seamless Systems, Portland, Oregon (2013 – 2014)
    Maintained national database of legal documentation with extensive use of Microsoft Access.

    Head Foreign Teacher and Trainer, KidsCan!, Beijing, China (2010 – 2012)
    Worked with Chinese investors and management to create a training curriculum for the Hubei Province region. Instructed foreign teachers and developed fun team-building activities that created strong bonds between the staff. Mediated between foreign and Chinese staff when language barriers were present.

    Anthony Swift Resume is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.

    There are many reasons to choose one format over another. In brief, the chronological résumé serves candidates with a long/uninterrupted work history, in fields where the company worked for is of paramount importance. On the other hand, the functional résumé serves candidates who are transitioning between fields, candidates shifting from a military to a civilian career, or candidates who have gained skills in a variety of different settings (workplace, academic, volunteer). The hybrid resume offers the best of both worlds.

    Because functional (skills) and hybrid résumé formats are the easiest to customize for a number of different potential employers, the following section of this chapter (Key Sections of a Résumé) will emphasize those formats.

    CHAPTER ATTRIBUTION INFORMATION

    This chapter was written by Megan Savage, Portland Community College, and is licensed CC-BY 4.0.

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