The purpose of a résumé is twofold:
- A résumé is an overview of your skills, experience, and education as they relate to your career objective, and
- A résumé is a marketing tool that conveys your “personal brand.”
All of us want our résumés to stand out from the stack. However, the best way to create an eye-catching résumé is not through gimmicks or flash, but rather through substance and customization.
Formats: Chronological Résumé vs. Functional (Skills) Résumé
Work histories come in a variety of forms; so do résumés. Although career experts enjoy debating which style is the best, ultimately you must consider which fits your current situation. Which style will allow you to best package your work history, and convey your unique qualifications?
The chronological résumé is a traditional format whose principal section is the “Employment Experience” section. In the chronological résumé’s “Employment Experience” section, jobs are listed in reverse chronological order, and achievements/skills are detailed underneath each position.
In contrast, a functional (skills) résumé, features a well-developed “Skills & Achievements” section, in which skills are organized into categories. The functional resume still includes an “Employment Experience” section, but it is streamlined to include only the basic information about each position held.
A hybrid (or combination) résumé includes a well-developed “Skills & Achievements” section that highlights the candidate’s most important and relevant skills, but it also includes select bullets under each job in the “Employment Experience” section.
The following pages contain examples of chronological, functional (skills), and hybrid résumé formats.
Example of the chronological résumé format
123 Address | City, State 01234
10.1234.5678 | firstname.lastname@example.org
E D U C A T I O N
AAS: Portland Community College 2010 | Sign Language Interpreting
BA: University of Colorado, Boulder 2007 | Psychology
Certifications: Certificate of Interpretation, Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf | Certificate of Transliteration, Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf
E X P E R I E N C E
Staff Sign Language Interpreter | St. Joseph’s, Boulder CO | September 2014 – present
Provide Sign Language Interpreting to approximately 15 Deaf adults with pervasive mental illnesses in a Partial Hospitalization setting. Provide interpreting for staff meetings, therapeutic groups, psychiatry sessions, and medication monitoring.
Educational Sign Language Interpreter | Boulder High, Boulder CO | August 2011 – June 2014
Provided Sign Language Interpreting for Deaf and Hard of Hearing High School students in day-to-day activities including academic classes, assemblies, after-school clubs, varsity sports, class trips, and more.
Interpreter Intern | Portland Community College, Portland OR | January 2010 – June 2010
Provided Sign Language Interpreting services for one deaf college student for all of her day-to-day activities including academic classes, after-school clubs, advising sessions, and more.
Customer Service | Kaiser-Permanente Medical Center, Clackamas OR | 2008 – 2010
Provided members with information pertaining to benefits, enrollment, and coverage. Assisted members with benefits-related questions and concerns, resolving problems and supporting members with special needs.
Volunteer | Denver Homeless Family Solutions | January 2016 – present
Prepare and serve meals, collect and sort donations, overnight host.
National Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf
National Association of the Deaf
Note that the chronological résumé:
- Lists both work and education in reverse chronological order (starting with the most recent positions/schools and working backward)
- Lists job achievements and skills under each position
- Presents experience under headings by job title, company, location, and dates of employment
- Allows employers to easily determine work performed at each company
Example of the functional (skills) résumé format
|M 971.123.4567 |
|Graphic Design major with about 10 years full-service agency experience, from creative marketing material design to print management and coordination with a wide range of clients. A passionate and dedicated designer, capable of handling a large workload and tight deadlines. Working toward B.A degree in Graphic Design.|
|Print Management||Managed 5000 copies MTT company calendar printing process, from finalizing artwork to output file check, paper stock selection, color proofing, print finishing, and delivery deadline coordination.|
|Event Management||Designed and organized a company anniversary cocktail event for a new client – INSTINET Hong Kong, receiving positive feedback from client’s guest and resulting in 3years event management contract with Pink Tiger Media.|
|Editorial Design with Collaborative||Designed and collaborated with Prince of Wales Island International School on production of 16pp program book, received positive feedback from every division of the school and resulted in more business to Priority Resources design team.|
|Portland State University |
Portland Community College
Equator Academy of Art
|B.A Degree Graphic Design – Expected enrollment 2018 |
Associate Transfer Degree – 2016-present
Diploma in Graphic and Multimedia Design – 2004-2006
|Senior Graphic Designer |
2013 – 2015
|Priority Resources – Penang, Malaysia |
Editorial design, Web interface design, vendor coordination
|Jr. Art Director |
|Pink Tiger Media – Penang, Malaysia |
Team management, Event management, Marketing campaign, Visual communication, vendor coordination
|Graphic Designer |
|Moonlight Media & Design – Penang, Malaysia |
Exhibition design, Branding & Identity design, Print design, Product branding, Typography, Event management
|Trainee Graphic Designer |
|Dolphin Printing – Penang, Malaysia |
Print production, Packaging, Customer service
|Honors||Awarded $3,000 tuition scholarships from Portland State University (2017-2018)|
|Languages||English, Bahasa Malay, Chinese: Mandarin, Cantonese, Hokkian, Hakka|
This resume is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.
Note that the functional (skills) résumé:
- Focuses on skills and experience, rather than on chronological work history
- Groups functions or skills under categories
- Describes responsibilities, accomplishments, and quantifiable achievements under categories in the skills section
- Typically opens with a brief summary/profile detailing strengths (one-three sentences)
- Demonstrates how you match the requirements of your potential job by including relevant achievements and accomplishments
Example of the hybrid résumé format
1234 Happy Lane, Hillsboro, Oregon 97006 · email@example.com · 971-555-1212
Electrical engineering major with experience in testing, analyzing and developing digital systems. Strong written communication skills and experience working with diverse cultural backgrounds.
Skills and Abilities
- Designed and built a pulse and breathing monitor which required over 40 hours of troubleshooting. Involved circuit design and building, and circuit analysis. Required a good knowledge of reading electrical component schematics and basic programming with an Arduino.
- Proficient in Windows, Mac, Office Suite: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access.
Organization and Professional Development Skills
- Coordinated finals study sessions with staff of ten math instructors and more than 100 students in attendance.
- Organized and planned community clean-up events while delegating tasks to a team of 15 students.
- Planned S.T.E.M. (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) panel consisting of six professionals from various industries, providing students the opportunity to learn about different career paths.
- Managed foreign teacher organization, communications, and hiring. Introduced innovative teaching methods to staff and created exciting classroom environments for Chinese students.
- Maintained communications between management and foreign staff using Mandarin Chinese while ensuring high teaching standards were maintained. Trained new foreign teachers as well as overseeing three education centers to verify quality of teaching.
Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, Oregon Tech, (2016 – 2019)
Associates of Science Degree, Portland Community College, GPA: 3.8 President’s list – 7 quarters (2013-2016)
Chinese Language, Beijing Language University, Beijing, China (2009-2010)
Math Tutor, Portland Community College, Portland, Oregon (2014 – 2016)
Gave special instruction to students to help simplify difficult math concepts and walk students through critical thinking process to solve difficult problems. Instructed students working on advanced mathematics courses.
Math Club President, Portland Community College, Portland, Oregon (2014 – 2016)
Organized finals study sessions for the college with over 100 students attending each session. Facilitated events with panels of working professionals giving students access to vital information about pursuing specific majors. Hosted weekly study sessions to help struggling students successfully pass math exams.
Data Entry Specialist, Seamless Systems, Portland, Oregon (2013 – 2014)
Maintained national database of legal documentation with extensive use of Microsoft Access.
Head Foreign Teacher and Trainer, KidsCan!, Beijing, China (2010 – 2012)
Worked with Chinese investors and management to create a training curriculum for the Hubei Province region. Instructed foreign teachers and developed fun team-building activities that created strong bonds between the staff. Mediated between foreign and Chinese staff when language barriers were present.
Anthony Swift Resume is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.
There are many reasons to choose one format over another. In brief, the chronological résumé serves candidates with a long/uninterrupted work history, in fields where the company worked for is of paramount importance. On the other hand, the functional résumé serves candidates who are transitioning between fields, candidates shifting from a military to a civilian career, or candidates who have gained skills in a variety of different settings (workplace, academic, volunteer). The hybrid resume offers the best of both worlds.
Because functional (skills) and hybrid résumé formats are the easiest to customize for a number of different potential employers, the following section of this chapter (Key Sections of a Résumé) will emphasize those formats.
CHAPTER ATTRIBUTION INFORMATION
This chapter was written by Megan Savage, Portland Community College, and is licensed CC-BY 4.0.