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11.1.1: Text of the Writing Process Image

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  • The following categories are represented as wedges in a circle, with arrows pointing from the first to the next and so on around the circle.  Additional paths of arrows also point back from drafting to prewriting and from revising to drafting and prewriting. Each wedge includes a description inside it.

    1. Prewriting
      • Using pre-writing techniques to gather ideas
      • Choose a purpose, topic, and an audience
      • Order ideas
    2. Drafting
      • Put ideas down on paper
      • Explore new ideas as you write
    3. Revising
      • Consult with peer readers
      • Evaluate suggested changes
      • Make revisions
      • Improve overall quality of your writing
    4. Editing/Proofreading
      • Correct errors in spelling, grammar, usage, mechanics, and formatting
    5. Publishing
      • Share your writing

    Please note that the writing process is not linear.  Steps may be repeated, just like the arrows in the diagram above circle back through earlier steps.


    Figure 1.11.1“The Writing Proces,” Kalyca Schultz, Virginia Western Community College, licensed CC-0. 

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