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2.9: Common Argument Phrases

  • Page ID
    110020
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    Here are all of the common phrases discussed in Chapter 2 for introducing different elements of an argument. The section headings link to more information.

    Claims

    Claims of policy

    • We should _____________.
    • We ought to _____________.
    • We must _____________.
    • Let’s _____________.
    • The best course is _____________.
    • The solution is to _____________.
    • The next step should be _____________.
    • We should consider _____________.
    • Further research should be done to determine _____________.

    Claims of fact

    • Research suggests that _____________.
    • The data indicate that _____________.
    • _____________is increasing or decreasing.
    • There is a trend toward _____________.
    • _____________causes _____________
    • _____________leads to _____________.

    Claims of value

    • _____________is terrible/disappointing/underwhelming.
    • _____________is mediocre/average/decent/acceptable.
    • We should celebrate _____________.
    • _____________is great/wonderful/fantastic/impressive.

    Comparative claims of value

    • _____________is the best _____________.
    • _____________is the worst _____________.
    • _____________is better than _____________.
    • _____________is worse than _____________.
    • _____________is just as good as _____________.
    • _____________is just as bad as _____________

    Reasons

    • Because_____________, _____________.
    • Because of this, _____________.
    • If_____________, then _____________.
    • Since_____________, _____________.
    • For this reason,_____________.
    • We can conclude_____________.
    • Therefore, _____________.
    • So_____________.
    • Consequently, _____________.
    • As a result, _____________.
    • Hence_____________.
    • Thus_____________.
    • It follows that _____________.

    Counterarguments

    Mistaken counterarguments

    • It is a popular misconception that_____________.
    • Some have fallen for the idea that_____________.
    • Many people mistakenly believe that_____________.

    Neutrally described counterarguments

    • Many people think _____________.
    • Some, on the other hand, will argue that _____________.
    • Some might disagree, claiming that _____________.
    • Of course, many have claimed that _____________.
    • Some will take issue with _____________, arguing that _____________.
    • Some will object that _____________.
    • Some will dispute the idea that _____________, claiming that _____________.
    • One criticism of this way of thinking is that _____________.

    Counterarguments that have merit

    • It is true that ___________.
    • I do concede_____________.
    • We should grant that_____________.
    • We must admit that_____________.
    • I acknowledge that _____________.
    • X has a point that _____________.
    • Admittedly, _____________.
    • Of course, _____________.
    • To be sure, _____________.
    • There may be something to the idea that _____________.

    Rebuttal to a counterargument

    • This idea misses the fact that _____________.
    • I disagree because _____________.
    • This depends on the assumption that _____________ which is incorrect because _____________.
    • This argument overlooks _____________.
    • This argument contradicts itself _____________.
    • This is mistaken because _____________.

    Concession to a counterargument

    • It is true that ___________, but___________.
    • I do concede_____________, and yet___________.
    • We should grant that_____________, but we must still acknowledge that ___________.
    • We can admit that____________ and still believe that ___________..
    • I acknowledge that _____________, and yet we should nevertheless recognize that _____________.
    • Critics have a point that _____________; however it is more important that we focus on _____________.
    • Admittedly, _____________. However, ___________.
    • Of course, _____________, but I still insist that__________..
    • To be sure, _____________; but _____________.
    • There may be something to the idea that _____________, and yet _____________.

    Limits

    Less than perfect certainty

    • Perhaps, ________.
    • It is worth considering the idea that ________.
    • ________ may________.
    • ________might________.
    • ________could possibly________.
    • Probably, ________.
    • Very likely, ________.
    • Almost certainly,________.

    Narrowing the scope of the argument

    • Few ________.
    • Some________.
    • Many________.
    • Most________.
    • The vast majority of ________.
    • Almost all________.
    • ________ unless________.
    • If it is not the case that________, then ________.
    • ________, except in the case that ________.
    • We can exclude cases where _____________.

    2.9: Common Argument Phrases is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.