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2.17: Works Consulted and Further Reading

  • Page ID
  • Civilizations

    Brown, Cynthia Stokes. “What is a Civilization, Anyway?” World History Connected (October 2009) http://

    Bellows, Sierra. “The Trouble with Civilization,” UVA Magazine (Fall 2010) articles/the_trouble_with_civilization/


    Belibtreu, Erika. “Grisly Assyrian Record of Torture and Death.” Teaching/documents/CP6.0AssyrianTorture.pdf

    History Department, University College London. “Assyrian Empire Builders.” sargon/

    International World History Project. “The Akkadians.”

    Khan Academy. “Ziggurat of Ur.” ancient-near-east1/sumerian/a/ziggurat-of-ur

    Kilmer, Anne. “The Musical Instruments from Ur and Ancient Mesopotamian Music.” Expedition. The Penn Museum. 40, 2 (1998): 12-18. PDFs/40-2/The%20Musical1.pdf

    Kramer, Samuel. The Sumerians: Their History, Culture, and Character. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1963.

    Leick, Gwendolyn. Mesopotamia: The Invention of the City. London: Penguin Books, 2004.

    Mitchell, William. “The Hydraulic Hypothesis: A Reappraisal.” Current Anthropology. Vol. 15. No. 5. (Dec. 1973): 532-534.

    Postgate, J.N. Early Mesopotamia: Society and Economy at the Dawn of History. London: Routledge, 1994.

    Spar, Ira. “Gilgamesh.” In Heinbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. (April 2009).

    University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. “Iraq’s Ancient Past: Rediscovering Ur’s Royal Cemetery.”

    The Israelites and Ancient Israel

    Baden, Joel. The Historical Hero: the Real Life of an Invented Hero. New York: Harper One, 2014.

    Dever, William. The Lives of Ordinary People in Ancient Israel: Where Archaeology and the Bible Intersect. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company, 2012.

    Guisepi, Robert (ed). “Civilization of the Hebrews: Along the Banks of the Rivers.” World History International.

    Hawkins, Ralph. How Israel Became a People. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2013.

    Milstein, Mati. “King Solomon’s Wall Found – Proof a Bible Tale?” National Geographic (Feb. 2010): http://

    Shanks, Hershel (ed). Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple. 3e. Washington, D.C.: Biblical Archaeology Society, 2010.

    Ancient Egypt

    Australian Museum. “The Underworld and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt.” (Australian Museum, 2015)

    David, Rosalie. The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of Pharaoh’s Workforce. New York: Routledge, 1997.

    Dollinger, Andre. “Slavery in Ancient Egypt.” (February 2011) timelines/topics/slavery.htm

    Hierakonoplis Expedition, Hierakpopolis-online.

    Johnson, Janet. “Women’s Legal Rights in Ancient Egypt.” Fathom Archive, Digital Collections. University of Chicago Library: 2002.

    McDowell, A.G. Village Life in Ancient Egypt: Laundry Lists and Love Songs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

    Pinch, Geraldine. Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

    Shaw, Ian. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

    Shillington, Kevin. History of Africa. 2nd e. Oxford: Macmillan Education, 2005.

    Smith, Jeffrey. “The Narmer Palette,” Yale 2013 PIER Summer Institutes, pier/classroom-resources/The%20Narmer%20Palette%20-%20by%20Jeff%20Smith%20.pdf

    Teeter, Emily. Religion and Ritual in Ancient Egypt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

    Tyldesley, Joyce. Daughters of Isis: Women in Ancient Egypt. New York: Penguin History, 1995.

    Ancient Nubia

    Afolayan, Funso. “Civilizations of the Upper Nile and North Africa.” In Africa, Volume 1: African History Before 1885. Toyin Falola (ed.) (73-108) Durham, North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press, 2000.

    British Museum. “The Wealth of Africa: The Kingdom of Kush.” Student Worksheets.

    Louis, Chaix; Dubosson, Jerome; and Matthieu Honegger. “Bucrania from the Eastern Cemetery at Kerma (Sudan) and the Practice of Cattle Horn Deformation.” Studies in African Archaeology, 11. Poznan Archeological Museum, 2012.

    Collins, Robert and James Burns. A History of Sub-Saharan Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

    Ehret, Christopher. The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 2002.

    Garlake, Peter. Early Art and Architecture of Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

    Trigger, Bruce. “Kerma: The Rise of an African Civilization.” International Journal of African Historical Studies. Vol. 9, no. 1 (1976): 1-21.

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